Requirements Analysis Process
At the stage of the requirements analysis, testers and developers disagree on several aspects while pursuing project goals. Both parties need clear, unambiguous requirements specifications that serve as inputs to their work. Developers want to have the complete set of requirements that can be used to formulate functional requirements for the system and that would allow them to design and code the software product. On the other hand, the test group needs a set of requirements that would allow them to make a test plan and perform system and acceptance tests.
Table 1. Input and output for Waterfall test process (requirements traceability matrix)
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There is an output document developed for the requirements analysis stage that does both developers and testers a world of good. It is referred to as a requirements traceability matrix. And the requirements traceability matrix is a document that describes each requirement for intermediate results of the development process, such as project components, software modules, and test results. It can be presented in the form of a spreadsheet, a word processor table, a database or a Web page.