The Business Analysis
Explicitly or implicitly, among the participants in any software development project, there must be a person who takes on the role of business analyst. Large companies attract business analysts to enable change in an organizational context by identifying the needs and offering solutions that may render profits to stakeholders. Business analysts are also known as systems analysts, requirements engineers, requirements managers, business IT business analysts, application analysts, requirements engineers, and just analysts.
In the organization that develops software products, duties and responsibilities of the analyst are often performed by the product manager or marketing department specialist. The analyst’s task is to elicit and analyze other people’s perspectives, transform the information gathered in the requirements and comminute this information to other stakeholders. The analyst helps the project participants to understand what they say, what they want and what they really need. The analyst teaches, interrogates, listens, organizes and learns. This is a difficult job.
The Role of Requirements Analyst
The business analyst is the person responsible for collecting, analyzing, documenting and verifying the project requirements. The analyst is the main mediator through whom information flows between the client group and the development team (see Figure below), although, of course, other communication channels are used therefore the analyst does not only have the responsibility for exchanging information on the project.
The analyst plays the key role in gathering and disseminating product information, whereas the project manager is tasked with exchanging product information.
The business analyst builds communication bridges between different client groups and project developers.
The business analyst is one of the project team roles, but it is not obligatorily a job title. These titles are not used consistently by all organizations. You can assign one or more dedicated specialists to this role which also could be taken by team members performing other functions. Among these team members are the project manager, product manager, product owner, subject matter expert, developer and even user.
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